Fourth quarter highlights
- The quarter was impacted by an IPR agreement resulting in total IPR revenues of SEK 6.0 (2.4) b. and previously announced charges of SEK -4.0 b., including DOJ provision, IoT divestment and Cloud Software and Services contract and portfolio exits.
- Group organic sales grew by 1% YoY., of which IPR revenues contributed with 5 percentage points. Reported sales were SEK 86.0 (71.3) b. of which Vonage contributed SEK 4.1 b.
- Gross income increased to SEK 35.6 (30.8) b., while gross margin decreased to 41.4% (43.2%) primarily due to business mix change in Networks and previously announced charges for contract exits and portfolio adjustments in Cloud Software and Services.
- EBITA excluding restructuring charges amounted to SEK 9.3 (12.8) b. with an EBITA margin of 10.8% (17.9%). EBITA was impacted by the previously announced charges.
- Free cash flow before M&A was SEK 16.9 (13.5) b. mainly driven by reduced inventory and high cash collection including IPR collection.
- Return on capital employed was 15.4% (26.6%) driven by lower EBIT.
- Group organic sales grew by 3%, driven by a 4% increase in Networks and 16% in Enterprise. Reported sales were SEK 271.5 (232.3) b.
- Gross income increased to SEK 113.3 (100.7) b. with increases in segments Networks, Cloud Software and Services, and Enterprise.
- EBITA amounted to SEK 29.1 (33.3) b. with an EBITA margin of 10.7% (14.3%). EBITA was negatively impacted by previously announced charges of SEK -5.5 b., partly compensated by increased IPR licensing revenues.
- EBIT margin excl. restructuring charges was 10.1% (13.9%). Excluding Vonage and previously announced charges during the year, EBIT margin was 12.9%, reaching the 2022 target of 12-14%.
- Net income was SEK 19.1 (23.0) b. EPS diluted was SEK 5.62 (6.81).
- Free cash flow before M&A amounted to SEK 22.2 (32.1) b. Net cash was SEK 23.3 (65.8) b. at year-end 2022.
- Return on capital employed was 14.0% (18.4%) driven by higher capital employed and lower EBIT.
- A dividend for 2022 of SEK 2.70 (2.50) per share will be proposed to the AGM by the Board of Directors.
|Sales growth adj. for comparable units and currency||-||-||1%||-||-||-||-||3%|
|EPS diluted, SEK||1.82||3.02||-40%||1.56||17%||5.62||6.81||-17%|
|Measures excl. restructuring charges|
|Gross margin excluding restructuring charges||41.5%||43.5%||-||41.4%||-||41.8%||43.5%||-|
|EBIT excluding restructuring charges||8.1||12.3||-34%||7.2||12%||27.4||32.3||-15%|
|EBIT margin excluding restructuring charges||9.4%||17.3%||-||10.6%||-||10.1%||13.9%||-|
|EBITA excluding restructuring charges||9.3||12.8||-27%||7.7||21%||29.5||33.8||-13%|
|EBITA margin excluding restructuring charges||10.8%||17.9%||-||11.3%||-||10.9%||14.6%||-|
|Free cash flow before M&A||16.9||13.5||25%||2.5||-||22.2||32.1||-31%|
|Net cash, end of period||23.3||65.8||-65%||13.4||74%||23.3||65.8||-65%|
 Sales adjusted for comparable units and currency
 Non-IFRS financial measures are reconciled at the end of this report to the most directly reconcilable line items in the financial statements
Comments from Börje Ekholm, President and CEO of Ericsson (NASDAQ:ERIC)
With our fourth quarter result we are on track to deliver on our long-term EBITA target of 15-18% by 2024. We remain fully committed to our strategic ambitions and have full confidence in the long term. During the quarter, we made measurable progress towards achieving these ambitions, against a backdrop of broad macroeconomic headwinds. As we said during our Capital Markets Day, there are near-term uncertainties, however, we are still in the early phase of global 5G rollout and widespread enterprise digitalization.
Our strategy remains rooted in driving sustainable growth and maximizing value across all stakeholders. We are confident that we have the right team and strategy in place to extend our leadership in mobile networks; achieve profitability in Cloud Software and Services; execute in our high growth Enterprise segment; shape the industry landscape by becoming a platform company leveraging the 5G innovation platform; and continue our unwavering commitment to a culture of integrity.
This quarter, we signed a multiyear IPR patent license agreement with a major licensee. This positive outcome positions us well to capture further 5G patent license agreements among handset manufacturers and in new areas such as consumer electronics and IoT. We expect significant IPR revenue growth over the coming 18-24 months.
Group Net Sales grew by 1% YoY, of which IPR revenues contributed with 5 percentage points. EBITA of SEK 9.3 (12.8) b. corresponds to a margin of 10.8% (17.9%). The positive impact from higher IPR revenues was offset by expected business mix shift and previously announced charges of SEK -4 b. We executed on our ambition to reduce inventory contributing to our free cash flow before M&A of SEK 16.9 (13.5) b.
Our Networks business grew in India on the back of significant market share gains. As anticipated, the growth from share gains in several markets could not fully compensate for reduced operator capex and inventory reductions in other markets, including North America. Gross margin was 44.6% (46.4%), negatively impacted by this business mix shift including a higher share of services sales from large network rollout projects. The IPR patent license agreement had positive margin impact.
During the quarter, we were able to largely offset the impact of high inflation with commercial activities, including product substitution. We continue to invest in technology to enhance performance and cost leadership, expand our global footprint and improve productivity and capital efficiency across the supply chain.
In Cloud Software and Services, organic sales decreased by -2% excluding IPR revenues. Sales growth in North America – mainly from 5G Core contracts – was offset by a decline in other market areas. We remain committed to improving profitability and are on a clear path to reaching operating profit break-even for full-year 2023 by limiting subscale software development, accelerating automation, and changing focus from market share gains to profitability. In Q4, we decided to exit certain subscale business, with a one-off charge.
Within Enterprise, we continue to leverage our strength in mobile networks to accelerate our business. Organically, sales grew by 15%. Our Enterprise strategy is underpinned by two pillars: First, our Enterprise Wireless Solutions business, focused on capturing the multi-billion-dollar enterprise market opportunity for 5G optimized networking and security solutions. Second, through the Global Communication Platform business, we will enable new ways of monetizing 5G by transforming how network features such as speed and latency are globally exposed, consumed and paid for. Enterprise is a growth engine for the company, and we continue to fine-tune our portfolio to maximize profitability. To this end, we announced the divestment of our loss-making IoT business in Q4. We continue to invest to strengthen our enterprise go-to-market channel and broaden our enterprise product portfolio. In addition, we are increasing our investments in developing the network APIs that will underpin the long-term growth in Global Communication Platform. From 2024 and beyond our enterprise business will be a major driver of Ericsson’s long-term growth and profitability, however, these investments will weigh on profitability during 2023.
We remain positive on the long-term outlook for our business. However, the near-term outlook, as we also described at our Capital Markets Day, remains uncertain. We expect operators to continue to sweat assets in response to macroeconomic headwinds. In addition, we expect operators to adjust inventory levels as supply situation eases. These trends started to impact Networks in Q4 and we expect them to continue at least during the first half of 2023. At the same time, we expect good growth from market share wins, albeit not fully offsetting the near-term headwinds. In the longer-term, capex is driven by traffic growth. Given near-term macroeconomic headwinds, we expect Enterprise to grow somewhat slower than during 2022.
While the quarter saw the easing of supply chain related challenges, the inflationary environment persisted. We remain focused on navigating near-term headwinds through our commercial initiatives but also by making Ericsson more cost-effective. We expect to start seeing the effect of our SEK 9 b. cost savings activities during the second quarter of 2023. We anticipate declining margins in Networks during the first half of 2023 due to changing business mix. In Q1 we expect the EBITA for the Group to be somewhat lower than EBITA last year, with improvements during the year.
We remain focused on reaching a resolution with the US authorities regarding the previously announced Deferred Prosecution Agreement (DPA) breach notices received by the company. In this regard, we have this quarter booked a SEK 2.3 b. (approx. USD 220 million) provision as we are now in a position to make a sufficiently reliable estimate of the financial penalty (and additional monitoring costs) associated with a breach resolution.
Separately, and with respect to the past matters described in the company’s 2019 Iraq investigation report, we continue to thoroughly investigate the facts in full cooperation with the DOJ and the SEC to determine if there is any merit to the allegations.
Building a culture of ethics and integrity remains a top priority, and I am convinced that best-in-class compliance will give our company a competitive advantage. Both the company’s resolution with the DOJ and the SEC in 2019 and the ongoing investigation into past conduct in Iraq clearly highlight the importance of intelligent decision-making and effective risk management.
In conclusion, I would like to thank all my colleagues for their diligence and efforts to deliver long-term stakeholder value as they continue to execute on our strategy. The commitment and passion of our team is what inspires me the most as we redefine both our company and our industry. The actions we have taken have positioned us to be a true industry leader.
President and CEO
 Sales adjusted for comparable units and currency
 Excluding restructuring charges
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