TV sports audiences are declining - has the Internet struck again?
via Flickr © Ronnie Macdonald (CC BY 2.0)
Amongst the most eagerly anticipated football (soccer) games in the UK used to be any ‘International’ involving England v. Scotland. The first of these for 16 years happened last week, but instead of an expected fiery game in the traditional manner, it was all a bit, well, dull.
The commentators were slightly perplexed and bemoaned the decline of the international game. But one (on the radio on Saturday morning) advanced an interesting theory. These days, he said, fans - especially young fans - could attend a game via Twitter. They could be out doing other things (like going to work - this was a Friday game) while their friends kept them up-to-date with the score. That might not account directly for the dull football, but it’s one reason spectator numbers are down.
That commentator is not alone. According to research by Ampere Analysis, while some young fans may prefer to keep up with their football via twitter rather than trudge along to watch games, many others are just ditching the whole spectator sports thing, with young millennials’ (aged 18-24) interest in sport on the decline in both Europe and the US.
That trend should be a concern for telcos such as BT, which have identified top sports as a keystone in their content strategies for pay TV and video-on-demand. Sport has long been considered immune from many of the pressures facing linear TV, but, says Ampere, “TV operators thinking of cutting back spend on TV and movie content to protect budget for sports rights may want to think again. Younger consumers are turning off sport in favour of scripted and social video content including comedy, sci-fi, romance and action & adventure. Clearly, a ‘one-size fits all’ content strategy will not last as a pan-generational plan.” says Ampere.
Fandom is ageing with the fans. The evidence:
- According to Ampere,out of 32,000 consumers interviewed across the US and Europe in the past year, 10% chose sport as their favourite genre. Of these, just 11% were aged 18 - 24, compared to 13.5% of the surveyed population. In other words, sports fans and viewers are under-represented amongst millennials.
- By contrast, 46% of those identifying sports as their favourite genre in Ampere’s research were aged 45+ (versus 43% of the surveyed population).
- Millennials are much more likely to identify with other content forms. They are 21% more likely than average to agree they ‘love movies’ and 50% more likely to indicate that they ‘love TV series’.
- It has been widely reported in the US that broadcast audiences for NFL matches have dropped across all major networks. Across the first four weeks of the 2016 season, NBC’s Sunday night games were down 13% year-on-year, ESPN Monday night games were down 17%, CBS Thursday night games down by 15%. Fox and CBS Sunday nights were the best performers, down 3% (source: Nielsen).
- A longer-term trend across UK sports channels is also apparent. Assessing September viewing of a basket of sports channels, including Sky Sports, BT Sport and Eurosport channels, reveals 2016 average weekly viewing is down by 9% compared to 2010.
In the US, Twitter’s Thursday night NFL streams and highlights have had an impact but Ampere’s comparisons suggest the declines occur outside these factors, so there is more to the trend than mere platform or channel changes. It says young millennials are being lured away from sport by today’s huge choice of TV and online video content. They are much more likely to indicate a preference for scripted or unscripted comedy and action content than older viewers and the availability of subscription online video services such as Netflix and Amazon are playing their part here.
This effect among millennials appears strongest in the UK and US and weakest in markets with low levels of on-demand uptake such as France and Poland, it claims.
Ampere suggests broadcasters and sports bodies need to encourage millennials back to sport, or the companies will find themselves trapped in an unsustainable scenario of escalating rights costs against a backdrop of a declining or stagnating audience base.
Either that, or they should rebalance their content offerings to reflect millennials’ interests.